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Latest Issue:

Number 7

Volume 33 July 24 2019

Mark Mann

If the health of our biosphere isn’t reason enough to fund vital cleantech innovation, the strength of our economy should be.

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News Bites

News Briefs

The Short Report, July 24, 2019: 5G, Indigenous health, John Knubley

Rogers Communications has partnered with Waterloo accelerator Communitech to open a 5G innovation lab, opening in September and focusing on smart city, IoT and enterprise applications. – Yahoo Finance

Saskatoon-based software company Vendasta Technologies Inc. has raised $40-million in venture capital, the largest ever for a Saskatchewan tech company. – The Globe and Mail

Ottawa calls it the largest single investment in Indigenous health research: $100 million through the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) over 16 years to establish a national network of centres focused on research, development and knowledge translation for Indigenous health. – CTV News

Algonquin College and George Brown College have formed a research alliance to develop, implement and test new models for innovation and collaboration for applied research. The partnership includes the possibility of pursuing joint application and grant proposals, and connecting students and faculty with shared interests. – Algonquin College

Minister of Science and Sport Kirsty Duncan announced $285 million through the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) for over 6,900 researchers and graduate students across Canada, to fund research in areas including education, immigration, Indigenous health and the environment. Minister Duncan made the announcement at the University of New Brunswick, where she also signed the Dimensions charter for embedding the principles of equity, diversity and inclusion in the policies, practices, action plans and culture of participating institutions. – Canada.ca


The Canadian Agri-food Policy Institute (CAPI) has announced governance changes: Chantelle Donahue, current Vice-President and Commercial Seed Manager for the Global Edible Oil Solutions division at Cargill, was elected to the position of Chair of the Board of Directors, succeeding John F.T. Scott; and Stéphanie Hamelin was elected to the position of Vice-Chair, taking over from Claude Lafleur. – CAPI

As of June 28, John Knubley has stepped down from the federal public service after seven years as Deputy Minister at Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (ISED). Previously, Knubley served as Deputy Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs at the Privy Council Office, and held other senior positions in various departments and bodies, including Transport, Infrastructure and Communities; Natural Resources; and the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency (ACOA). – R$ exclusive

The Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada (PIPSC) welcomed Dr. Shawn J. Marshall to the position of Departmental Science Advisor (DSA) at Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC). Marshall is a professor at the University of Calgary Department of Geography. His research projects include field and modelling studies in the Canadian Rockies, the Canadian Arctic, and Greenland. – PIPSC

The Short Report, July 10, 2019: Nuclear power, future skills, health tech

A planned $100-million infusion for Alberta’s artificial intelligence sector — promised in February by then-governing NDP leader Rachel Notley — is on hold, as Premier Jason Kenney’s United Conservative Party scrutinizes the investment. Edmonton-based AI hub Amii (Alberta Machine Intelligence Institute) was slated to to use some of the funds to open a Calgary office, but is now holding off. The $100-million commitment also included money for Alberta Innovates, to boost its support of AI companies. – Calgary Herald

The federal government announced plans to build a $14.5-million climate-change research centre, called the Canadian Centre for Climate Change and Adaptation, in Prince Edward Island. Affiliated with the University of Prince Edward Island, the 45,000-square-foot facility will include state-of-the-art equipment and a “living laboratory”  that accesses nearby ecosystems. University president Alaa Abd-el-Aziz said the centre will use a multidisciplinary research model that will connect students and faculty with industry and government partners to form a “cluster of discovery.” – The Star

Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (CNL) has been awarded an $8.5 million contract by the Government of Canada to refuel the Royal Military College of Canada’s (RMC) SLOWPOKE-2 nuclear reactor, a low-power reactor that produces neutrons for scientific research. The project will take nearly three years to complete and will extend the life of the 34 year old reactor by another 30 years. – Newswire

The Future Skills Centre at Ryerson University announced $7.65 million for 10 new innovation projects that will help identify the best training opportunities and facilitate transitions for mid-career workers who are experiencing, or are at-risk of, disruption and displacement, such as truck drivers, auto workers and cashiers.  Newswire

Hifi Engineering Inc, a developer and supplier of fiber optic sensing technology for monitoring pipelines and oil and gas wells, announced the closing of a $10 million equity financing deal, split equally between the Business Development Bank of Canada (BDC) and one of the company’s existing strategic investors. The financing will support the company’s domestic and international growth and fund R&D for the next generation release of Hifi’s high fidelity dynamic sensing platform. – Newswire

Montreal’s Neomed Innovation Centre is building a $25-million innovation and commercialization complex that will specialize in life sciences and healthtech. The project will receive a $1.5 million federal investment from Canada Economic Development for Quebec Regions (CED), a $8.7 million loan from Investissement Québec, and an additional $1.5 million from the City of Montreal. The announcement follows the recent merger of Neomed with Vancouver-based Centre for Drug Research and Development (CDRD) to form adMare BioInnovations, which will execute the complex. – BetaKit

The Government of Canada is investing up to $20 million in auto parts supplier Woodbridge Foam Corporation to support a modernization project that is expected to create 110 jobs and maintain 727 more in Ontario. As well as upgrading its manufacturing facilities, Woodbridge will create a Centre of Excellence to centralize its global research and development (R&D) activities in advanced materials and product design of molded foam products, such as car seats and armrests. The investment is made through ISED’s Strategic Innovation Fund. – Newswire

Western Economic Diversification Canada (WD) announced $450,684 in funding for the Clean Resource Innovation Network (CRIN), to support the development and implementation of the network’s Innovation Growth and Competitiveness Program, which aims to strengthen cluster linkages, build strategic alliances and support business opportunities within the clean resources innovation industry. – Newswire

Delta, BC-based steel and rubber manufacturer Marcon Metalfab will receive $1 million for new equipment from Western Economic Diversification Canada (WD) through the new Regional Economic Growth through Innovation (REGI) Steel and Aluminum Initiative, which provides targeted support to SMEs in the steel, aluminum and manufacturing sectors for projects to enhance productivity, add jobs and increase competitiveness through technology adoption. – Newswire

The Canadian Space Agency (CSA) is awarding a contract worth $30 million to Honeywell for the design and implementation phases of its Quantum EncrYption and Science Satellite (QEYSSat) mission to test quantum technology that protects communications in space. Quantum computers could render current encryption methods obsolete within the next decade; QEYSSat will seek to demonstrate the viability of quantum key distribution (QKD) technology over a link between ground and space. – newKerela


Ryerson University’s Future Skills Centre has named Pedro Barata its new executive director effective September 1, 2019. Barata currently serves as United Way Greater Toronto’s Senior Vice President of Community Impact & Strategy, where he oversaw a research and policy agenda that emphasized the changing nature of work, the economic dynamics behind rising income inequality, and provincial policy can address the skills gap. – Future Skills Centre

Canada’s Oil Sands Innovation Alliance (COSIA) has appointed Wes Jickling as its new chief executive, effective August 6, 2019. Jickling is going to COSIA from his current roles as CEO of Innovation Saskatchewan and Deputy Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs in Saskatchewan. Jickling will take over from interim chief executive John Brogly. – Newswire

Elizabeth Douville will take over from Moura Quayle as chair of the board of directors at Genome Canada. Douville is managing partner and co-founder of AmorChem II Ventures Inc, a Quebec-based seed venture fund dedicated to financing and commercializing university technology development. As chair, she will lead the search for the organization’s next CEO, following the retirement of Marc LePage, who has held the position since 2015. – Genome Canada

The Short Report, June 26, 2019: Dementia, Ontario chief scientist, AI for travel

The Canadian Consortium on Neurodegeneration in Aging is receiving $46 million over five years: $31.6 million from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and $14.4 million from partners, including the Alzheimer Society. Headquartered at Baycrest in Toronto, the second phase of CCNA’s research program will include a large-scale study to evaluate the effectiveness of new approaches to dementia prevention that may include a combination of medication, diet, exercise, and cognitive training. – GoC

Sidewalk Labs has released its draft Master Innovation and Development Plan for Toronto’s eastern waterfront. The three volume document—Toronto Tomorrow—examines the planning concepts and proposed operational systems, the urban innovations (mobility, public realm, buildings and housing, sustainability and digital innovation), and the public-private partnerships. The draft master plan also includes plans for an “urban innovation campus” for start-ups and a new Google Canada headquarters. – Sidewalk Toronto

George Brown College has teamed with the City of Toronto, MaRS discovery District, and Refined Manufacturing Acceleration Process (Re-MAP) to create a new urban light-manufacturing space for entrepreneurs in Toronto. The mixed-use complex at 440 Dufferin St., will house a 5,574 square-metre light-manufacturing space, including 1,347 square-metres dedicated to the incubator, called Factory 6. The project is slated to open in July 2020. – GBC

The National Research Council of Canada has announced the first round of collaborative research projects funded through the New Beginnings Initiative, which supports small-scale, exploratory research projects with external collaborators. Under the $2-million annual initiative, the NRC will partner with 47 researchers across 22 organizations. – GoC

The Fonds Nature et technologies (FRQNT) and the Fonds Culture et société (FRQSC) are providing $3.6 million over six years to the Centre for interdisciplinary research into the operationalization of sustainable development. Under CIRODD, researchers in the engineering, social sciences and healthcare sectors take an interdisciplinary approach to issues such as sustainable mobility, changing behaviours and practices and optimizing the consumption of electricity through the use of artificial intelligence in Quebec. – Newswire

Austerity measures in the recent Ontario budget have claimed another R&D initiative, WaterTAP, the Water Technology Acceleration Project.  The Toronto-based project announced it will cease operations June 30, after its funding was terminated in March by the Ministry of Economic Develop, Job Creation and Trade. Since 2012, WaterTAP has provided commercialization and business support to over 300 companies. (Related: Ontario Budget 2019 takes “slice-and-dice” strategy to research funding) – WaterTAP

Researchers and institutions have until August 1 to provide their wish-list for the next phase of the New Frontiers Research Fund. The online consultation is inviting researchers and institutions to provide feedback on the “Transformation stream”, which will support large-scale, Canadian-led interdisciplinary research projects that address a major challenge. The competition will award $144 million over six years, with individual awards of up to $4 million per year. – GoC

Canada will lead one of nine action groups under the Blue Charter—a commitment made by the 53 Commonwealth member states to work together to solve ocean-related problems. Canada will head the Ocean Observations Action Group which will advance opportunities to increase the innovation, development and deployment of ocean observational technologies; accessibility of ocean observational data, knowledge and best practices among Commonwealth countries; political cooperation to better integrate ocean observational data, information and knowledge into decisions, products and services within the Commonwealth; and gender issues within the context of ocean science. – The Commonwealth

Evidence for Democracy says it hasn’t seen “any indication that the Ontario government has made any efforts to fill the chief scientist position”. The advocacy group describes the responses it received to two Freedom of Information requests to the Ontario government as “disappointing”, saying it was denied access to most documents related to research funding, or required to pay “a prohibitive fee” for information that it “is likely to lack significant value”. Dr. Molly Shoichet held the position until she was dismissed by the Progressive Conservative government after it was elected in 2018. – ED

Canada has placed six universities in the top 200 of the QS World University Rankings 2020: University of Toronto (U of T) (29), McGill University (35), University of British Columbia (UBC) (51), University of Alberta (U of A) (113), University of Montreal (UM) (137), and University of Waterloo (173). Canada fared slightly better in the Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities (NTU Ranking) for 2019, released by National Taiwan University. Nine Canadian universities made the top 200: U of T (4), UBC (27), McGill (47), U of A (81), UM (104), McMaster University (119), University of Calgary (132), University of Ottawa (147), and Western University (197). – World University Rankings; NTU Ranking

Carleton University becomes the ninth regional hub for the Women Entrepreneurship Knowledge Hub (WEKH), a federal government-supported national network and digital platform for sharing research, resources and best practices among female entrepreneurs. – Carleton University

MicroSintesis, a Charlottetown, PEI-based life science company focused on developing proprietary microbiome therapies, has closed a $16.4-million minority investment from Toronto-based  Northern Private Capital (NPC), an investment vehicle of CFFI Ventures, a company controlled by John Risley, founder of Clearwater Fine Foods. The funding will be used to scale-up production of the company’s products and build out the company’s research capabilities and platform to deliver a new generation of microbiome products dedicated to improving livestock, companion animal, and human health. – Newswire

Canopy Growth Corp.’s investment arm, Canopy Rivers, is investing USD $10 million in San Diego CA-based ZeaKal Inc., creators of a proprietary technology that increases photosynthesis, improves plant yield and enhances nutritional profiles for a variety of agricultural crops. The investment will enable ZeaKal to expand field trials currently underway in Canada, the U.S. and New Zealand to include cannabis and hemp. Canopy Rivers will also own 8.7% of ZeaKal. – Newswire

Vancouver-based Nextleap Solutions Ltd. has entered an agreement to buy a hydrocarbon extraction process and formula for a cannabis concentrate known as “shatter”, set to become legal in Canada on October 17. – Newswire

A new $180-million, seven-year international DNA barcoding project launched in June, led by the University of Guelph and U of G professor Dr. Paul Hebert. The project, which aims to catalogue every living thing on Earth, involves more than 1,000 researchers from about 30 countries. –  U of G

McMaster University is planning to launch the David Braley Centre for Antibiotic Resistance to tackle the growing global threat of antimicrobial resistance. The $7 million for the new centre comes from a $50-million gift made to the university by David Braley in 2007 for teaching, learning and health-care research and delivery. – McMaster

Montreal-based M&A firm FNC Capital has signed a five-year, $5-million partnerships with artificial intelligence company Stradigi AI, Montreal, to develop AI solutions for the airline and travel industry. In May, FNC announced plans to acquire Quebec-based airliner, Transat A.T.Newswire


Dr. Rui Wang will begin a five-year term as the new dean, Faculty of Science at York University effective Jan. 1, 2020. Wang joined York in August 2018 as a professor of biology and since May 1, has served as interim VP research and innovation. He has also been leading the planning for York’s new campus in Markham, ON. – YorkU

Barbara Dirks, head of Silicon Valley Bank’s Canadian division, is leaving her position for personal reasons. Dirks was appointed to the new position in March 2018. – G&M

The federal government has created a new Canadian Statistics Advisory Council to provide the Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development and the Chief Statistician of Canada with impartial and independent advice on the quality of Canada’s national statistical system, in keeping with Canada’s Digital Charter. The council will be chaired by Dr. Teresa Scassa, Canada Research Chair in Information Law and Policy at the University of Ottawa. The other members are: Gurmeet Ahluwalia, Managing Partner, StratExLead; David Chaundy, president and CEO, the Atlantic Provinces Economic Council; Annette Hester, principal of TheHesterview; Jan Kestle, president and CEO, Environics Analytics; Céline Le Bourdais, Distinguished James McGill Professor of Sociology at McGill University; Gail McDonald, Akwesasne Heritage Complex Project Developer, Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe; Dr. Howard Ramos, Associate Dean Research, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at Dalhousie University; and Dr. Michael C. Wolfson, health consultant and former Canada Research Chair in Population Health Modeling, University of Ottawa. – Newswire

The Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario (HEQCO) has appointed two new directors to its board for a three-year term: Nobina Robinson, former chief executive officer of Polytechnics Canada, and Dr. A. Scott Carson, a professor of governance and strategy at the Smith School of Business at Queen’s University. – HEQCO

Fertilizer Canada has inducted Dr. Cynthia Grant to the Canadian Agricultural Hall of Fame. The soil fertility and crop nutrition researcher recently retired from the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Research Centre in Brandon, MB. Grant is just the tenth women—out of more than 200 people—to have been inducted into the Hall of Fame since 1960. – Fertilizer Canada


The Short Report, July 17, 2019: Frailty, electric vehicles, cloud computing

A new report by the Toronto Region Board of Trade’s World Trade Centre Toronto (WTC-T) argues that the Toronto region needs a better scaleup ecosystem to grow its small and medium enterprises. Titled ”Defying Gravity: Building a Scaleup Ecosystem,” the report claims that the region provides ample support to tech startups through its numerous accelerators and incubators, but lacks support and resources for scaleups. As a consequence, Toronto lags behind international competitors in its capacity to generate high-growth firms. – Defying Gravity: Building a Scaleup Ecosystem

The Canadian Frailty Network and the McMaster Institute for Research on Aging (MIRA) have partnered with health technology firm Metabolon Inc to develop a $4-million research program that will perform large-scale metabolomic profiling and biomarker identification with samples from the Canadian Longitudinal Study of Aging (CLSA), a national research platform on aging involving 50,000 men and women in Canada. – Biospace

The Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency (ACOA) announced two investments worth a total of $4 million: $2,085,600 for the Centre for Women in Business (CWB) at Mount Saint Vincent University to develop and deliver an intensive management program called “Greater Heights for Growth,” targeted at women business owners who have built profitable businesses in high-growth sectors and are generating revenue of $1 million or more; and $1,940,292 for the Newfoundland and Labrador Organization of Women Entrepreneurs (NLOWE) to create the Atlantic Canadian Women in Business Growth Partnership, alongside other organizations in Atlantic Canada that support women in business. – MSVU

Montreal-founded, San Francisco-based startup Sonder will open a second headquarters in Canada after raising US$210 million in financing, bringing its valuation to over $1 billion. Sonder founder Francis Davidson says that Vancouver, Toronto and Montreal are possible hosts for the new headquarters. The company offers a rival service to AirBnB and currently employs 900 people, of which 140 are located in Canada. – The Globe and Mail

Suncor will receive $4.6 million in SIF funding to build 92 electric vehicle (EV) fast chargers at its Petro-Canada locations across the country. The funding is part of Ottawa’s $182.5-million investment to build a coast-to-coast charging network for electric vehicles, with 500 fast chargers to be built this year and hundreds more expected over the next two years. Another $130 million from Budget 2019 is being invested in charging infrastructure, alongside a new incentive worth up to $5,000 for Canadians who purchase or lease a zero-emission vehicle. – Newswire

FedDev Ontario will contribute $14 million to Niagara College to expand the Southern Ontario Network for Advanced Manufacturing Innovation (SONAMI), a network of seven post-secondary institutions that pools resources and expertise to support smaller manufacturers to adopt cutting-edge technologies. The new funding will allow SONAMI to add three new post-secondary institutions and provide greater expertise in areas such as bio-industrial manufacturing, green product manufacturing and intelligent manufacturing. The FedDev investment leverages over $24 million in funding, including $14 million from industry collaborators and $10.3 million from SONAMI member post-secondary institutions. – Canada.ca

Amazon Web Services (AWS) will launch a Cloud Innovation Centre (CIC) at the University of British Columbia (UBC) in Vancouver, with a focus on health and wellbeing. Called the UBC Community Health and Wellbeing CIC, the centre is the first of its kind in Canada and will officially open in early 2020. – UBC


The Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada named Pierre Pettigrew as the new chair of its board of directors. An executive advisor at Deloitte Canada, Pettigrew was the Government of Canada’s special envoy for the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) and arbitrates international trade disputes at the World Trade Organization. During his years as a Member of Parliament (1996-2006), Pettigrew served as minister of Foreign Affairs, minister for International Trade and minister for International Cooperation. – Asia Pacific Foundation

Tom Corr is resigning from his role as president and CEO of Ontario Centres of Excellence (OCE), following recent news that 30-50% of staff were laid off due to funding cuts by the provincial government. Claudia Krywiak, VP of corporate development, planning and strategic initiatives, will serve as interim CEO until OCE can appoint a permanent replacement. During his tenure, Core “refocused the organization to stimulate business-led innovation and accelerate commercialization of leading-edge technologies,” according to a statement by the OCE. – BetaKit

The Canadian Advanced Technology Alliance (CATA) has appointed Suzanne Grant its interim CEO following the sudden passing of president and CEO John Reid on June 24. Grant was the cofounder and CEO of health-tech company iBIONICS, and is a current Entrepreneur In Residence at the CATA Women in Technology Forum. “John was one of a kind and we shared a passion for pulling others up. I am humbled by this appointment and with the support of Canada’s small and medium tech business leaders, we will carry the torch assuring John’s legacy and ensuring CATA’s impact flourishes,” Grant said in a statement.  CATA

The University of Ottawa’s Institute for Science, Society and Policy is launching five new Research and Engagement Clusters: Arctic Change, headed by Jackie Dawson, Canada Research Chair in Environment, Society and Policy; Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, headed by Jason Millar, Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) in the Ethical Engineering of Robotics and AI; Energy, headed by Monica Gattinger, Director of the ISSP; Inclusive Innovation, headed by Kelly Bronson, Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) in Science and Society and co-headed by Sandra Schillo, associate professor at The Telfer School of Management; and Risk, Technology and Security, headed by Mark Salter, professor at the School of Political Studies. – ISSP

Stefan Leslie will be leaving his role as executive director of the Marine Environmental Observation Prediction and Response Network (MEOPAR) to become the CEO of the newly-formed Research Nova Scotia (RNS). An independent, not-for-profit corporation, RNS was created by the provincial legislature six months ago to support, organize and coordinate funding for research in Nova Scotia. Leslie previously worked for Fisheries and Oceans Canada. “I am looking forward to bringing my background in both government and working with a non-profit research organization to Research Nova Scotia as it works to enhance the province’s research capacity,” Leslie said in a statement. – Research Nova Scotia

The Short Report, July 3, 2019: Geothermal energy, digital task force, biofoam

Razor Energy Corp has received $5 million from Natural Resources Canada and $2 million from Alberta Innovates to co-produce a geothermal electricity project at an active oil and gas operation. The University of Alberta will conduct geothermal research in association with the project. – Newswire

Nova Scotia-based company CarbonCure Technologies has partnered with Hawaii’s HC&D Ready Mix (HC&D) to produce CO2 mineralized concrete, as part of the state’s efforts to reduce its carbon footprint. – CarbonCure

The SCALE.AI supercluster in Montreal selected its first set of projects, comprising initiatives to explore how AI can be used to reduce costs and improve efficiencies in the consumer goods, farming, telecom and shipping sectors. A federal investment of up to $2 million in these projects will be matched by $3.1 million in contributions from industry and other partners. – Newswire

Alberta hemp producer Rowland Farms, along with its research partners Corteva Canada and Botaneco, have been chosen as the first recipients of a Protein Industries Canada Supercluster grant. The $4-million matching grant will support applied research to develop new processing capabilities. – Lethbridge Herald

WELL Health Technologies Corp acquired KAI Innovations, a Toronto-based SaaS company that helps clinics and doctors transition health information to electronic medical records (EMR). – BetaKit

Innovative Solutions Canada announced the launch of a plastics challenge led by Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) for the development of a new kind of foam insulation to be derived from Canadian forest residue. – Newswire

The University of Manitoba officially opened its Smartpark Innovation Hub, a 75,000-square-foot “information exchange centre” intended to facilitate partnerships between industry, government, and the University. – UM Today

Natural Products Canada (NPC) announced three new commercialization programs for members of its innovation cluster: an executive talent program, a proof-of-concept program, and a go-to-market program. – Natural Products Canada


Bell Canada COO Mirko Bibic will assume leadership of the company when CEO George Cope retires on January 5, 2020. Bibic is currenty responsible for Bell Mobility, Bell Residential and Small Business, and Bell Business Markets (BBM), and has led Bell’s broadband leadership strategy. – Newswire

Algoma University in Ontario appointed Dr. Paulette Steeves as the Tier II Canada Research Chair in Healing and Reconciliation. Steeves has received $500 thousand to continue her work creating a database of archaeology sites in North and South America that demonstrate the presence of Indigenous First Nations people as far back as 200,000 years. – The Sault Star

The Ontario government announced the creation of a Digital and Data Task Force, as well as consultations for the development and implementation of its provincial data strategy. The task force will be chaired by Linda Mantia, former Senior Executive Vice-President and Group Chief Operating Officer of Manulife Financial, and vice-chaired by Bryan Smith, co-founder and CEO of Toronto-based tech company ThinkData Works. Other members: Bilal Khan (Deloitte Data), Avner Levin (Ted Rogers School of Management), Maithili Mavinkurve (Sightline Innovation), Shyam Oberoi (Royal Ontario Museum), Mark Sakamoto (Think Research), and Kirsten Thompson (Dentons Canada LLP). – Ontario.ca

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